Trauma, Anxiety Disorders and PTSD:
Millions of people suffer from many forms of anxiety disorders including Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), a severe anxiety disorder. PTSD is caused by trauma, either real or perceived. The trauma can be exposure to physical or psychological harm or danger or witnessing others being harmed. Symptoms of PTSD and Anxiety can affect all aspects of an individual’s life, causing great distress and suffering.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most widely-used therapy for anxiety disorders. Research has shown it to be effective in the treatment of panic disorder, phobias, social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder, among many other conditions. It focuses on identifying, challenging and replacing negative, distorted thoughts with positive, healthy and helpful thoughts.
EMDR is a specialized procedure for resolving trauma and addressing symptoms of PTSD. Briefly, it involves having the client concentrate on the worst moment of the memory while using had held tappers; this is repeated with different aspects of the memory until no further distress remains. EMDR is now one of the most well-researched psychotherapy treatments for trauma and (in a recent meta-analysis) has been found to be the most effective and efficient of the well-established trauma treatments. EMDR can be used effectively with children, adolescents and adults. http://www.emdr-therapy.com/emdr.html
Self-harm or cutting is a way for an individual to cope with overwhelming thoughts and feelings. Clients who self harm have been unable to identify healthy coping skills and found self-injury to be the only way to cope. Through listening, guidance and CBT techniques clients are able to identify the problems that are leading to self harm and develop healthier more effective coping skills. Early intervention is key to healing and overcoming this behavior. http://www.helpguide.org/articles/anxiety/cutting-and-self-harm.htm